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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

4 edition of Solvent extraction and ion exchange in the nuclear fuel cycle found in the catalog.

Solvent extraction and ion exchange in the nuclear fuel cycle

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Published by Published for the Society of Chemical Industry, London, by Ellis Horwood, Halsted Press [distributor] in Chichester, New York, N.Y .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radiochemistry.,
  • Ion exchange.,
  • Extraction (Chemistry),
  • Uranium enrichment.,
  • Reactor fuel reprocessing.,
  • Radioactive waste disposal.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies and index.

    Statementeditors, D.H. Logsdail and A.L. Mills.
    ContributionsLogsdail, D. H., 1930-, Mills, A. L., 1931-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTK9350 .S65 1985
    The Physical Object
    Pagination223 p. :
    Number of Pages223
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2625197M
    ISBN 100853128421, 0470202416
    LC Control Number85193661

    Figure16H1!Aschematic!diagramof!the!nuclear!fuel!cycle.!!!!! This!diagramshows!two!possible!paths!for!this!cycle,!i.e.,withandwithoutfuel reprocessing.!!The!majority.   Prasanta Kumar Mohapatra, Actinide ion extraction using room temperature ionic liquids: opportunities and challenges for nuclear fuel cycle applications, Dalton Trans., /C6DTF, 46, 6, (), ().

    This report summarizes the work done to date on the application of the TRUEX solvent extraction process for removing and separately recovering plutonium and americium from a nitric acid waste solution containing these elements, uranium, and a complement of inert metal ions. Bruce J. Mincher has performed research in the areas of radio- and radiation chemistry for the last 35 years, with much of that time devoted to understanding radiation effects on nuclear fuel cycle chemistry.

    PUREX (plutonium uranium reduction extraction) is a chemical method used to purify fuel for nuclear reactors or nuclear weapons. PUREX is the de facto standard aqueous nuclear reprocessing method for the recovery of uranium and plutonium from used nuclear fuel (spent nuclear fuel, or irradiated nuclear fuel). It is based on liquid–liquid extraction ion-exchange. Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The primary difference between the two processes -- solvent extraction/fluorination (“wet process”) and fluorination / fractionation Chemical and Ion Exchange. Chemical-exchange isotope separation requires segregation of two forms of an element into separate but contacting streams. Since many contacts are.


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Solvent extraction and ion exchange in the nuclear fuel cycle Download PDF EPUB FB2

The growth in the world’s nuclear industry, motivated by peaking world oil supplies, concerns about the greenhouse effect, and domestic needs for energy independence, has resulted in a heightened focus on the need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle technologies. Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 19 provides a comprehensive look at the state of the science underlying solvent extraction.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction Pages pages The growth in the world's nuclear industry, motivated by peaking world oil supplies, concerns about the greenhouse effect, and domestic needs for energy independence, has resulted in a heightened focus on Solvent extraction and ion exchange in the nuclear fuel cycle book need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle by: Solvent extraction and ion exchange in the nuclear fuel cycle.

[D H Logsdail; A L Mills;] -- This book covers most aspects of the processing of these fuels, bringing together the current thinking of international scientists and presenting a picture of the applications of solvent and ion.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction A Series of Advances, Volume 20 1st Edition. Arup K. SenGupta Over the past four decades, notable advancements in the theory and application of ion exchange science uncovered a wealth of knowledge that fueled new scientific pursuits and created synergies with myriad scientific endeavors.

During the last 4 decades, inorganic ion exchangers have also found a variety of applications. Today, solvent extraction as well as ion exchange are used extensively in the nuclear industry and for nuclear, chemical, and medical research.

Some of these applications are discussed in the by: 1. Browse the list of issues and latest articles from Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange. List of issues Latest articles Partial Access; Volume 38 Volume 37 Volume 36 Volume 35 Volume 34 Volume 33 Volume 32 Volume 31. This article discusses the application of separation technologies, in particular solvent extraction and ion exchange in the uranium nuclear fuel cycle.

The history and decisions in selecting the technology are briefly discussed. The global trends in the energy sector are reviewed and the impact of other energy sources on the nuclear power industry both now and in the future is described.

Ion exchange can excel in such specific and demanding jobs, as the structures of the materials can be engineered to enhance the desirable separation properties. Whereas the well-established solvent extraction based separation processes are already applied in many areas of nuclear fuel management, I believe that ion.

New, much more effective solvent extraction methods designed for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel, comprising additional recycling of americium, are compared with the currently used technologies. This chapter discusses the use of novel americium-selective extractants and/or stripping agents aimed at supplementing the PUREX process and closing the nuclear fuel cycle.

nuclear fuel cycle is to chemically extract the uranium from the ore and produce a partially refined product with a uranium content of at least 65%. This material is normally termed yellow-cake. Uranium milling is based primarily on hydrometallurgical operations such as leaching, solvent extraction.

In the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle, ion exchange is used for the solidification of waste solutions, as well as for the partitioning of radioactive elements for fur-ther use or disposal [43].

The application of ion ex- solvent extraction and ion exchange have been proposed to accomplish the concentration and isolation of Pu. However. Ian Hore-Lacy, in Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century, FAST NEUTRON REACTORS.

Fast neutron reactors are a different technology from those considered so far. They generate power from plutonium by much more fully utilizing the uranium in the reactor fuel assembly, instead of needing just the fissile U isotope used in most reactors (see also section ).

Reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel using solvent extraction technologies, leading to the fully closed nuclear fuel cycle, has been reviewed. solvent extraction and ion exchange are industrial.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 19 (Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction Series) eBook: Moyer, Bruce A.: : Kindle StoreReviews: 1.

The growth in the world's nuclear industry has resulted in a heightened focus on the need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle technologies. This book explores selective extractions, third-phase formation, the effects of intense radiation upon the solvent, and analytical techniques to measure process concentrations.

Leonard, R. Design Principles and Applications of Centrifugal Contactors for Solvent Extraction In Moyer, B. (Ed.), Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A. Radiolysis of Solvents Used in Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing.

Automation of Extraction Chromatographic and Ion Exchange Separations for Radiochemical Analysis and Monitoring. Design Principles and Applications of Centrifugal Contactors for Solvent Extraction. Neoteric Solvents as the Basis of Alternative Approaches to the Separation of Actinides and Fission Products.

Index. (source: Nielsen Book Data. Nuclear reprocessing is the chemical separation of fission products and unused uranium from spent nuclear fuel. Originally, reprocessing was used solely to extract plutonium for producing nuclear commercialization of nuclear power, the reprocessed plutonium was recycled back into MOX nuclear fuel for thermal reactors.

The reprocessed uranium, also known as the spent fuel. Control of Ion-exchange Processes for Treatment of Radioactive Wastes), the other in (Technical Reports Series No.Treatment of Spent Ion-exchange Resins for Storage and Disposal).

Since the publication of those reports, many new developments have been reported for improving the efficiency of ion exchange process applications. The closing of the nuclear fuel cycle is an unsolved problem of great importance.

Separating radionuclides produced in a nuclear reactor is useful both for the storage of nuclear waste and for recycling of nuclear fuel. These separations can be performed by designing appropriate chelation chemistries and liquid–liquid extraction schemes, such as in the TALSPEAK process (Trivalent.

resins, and chromatographic extraction. Organic acids, ketones, ethers, esters, alcohols, and organic phosphates have been used in the extraction of uranium and other actinides []. In particular, methyl isobutyl ketone has been used extensively in the extraction of U and Pu from spent nuclear fuel.

Ion exchange chromatography is one of the most.Description: The growth in the world’s nuclear industry, motivated by peaking world oil supplies, concerns about the greenhouse effect, and domestic needs for energy independence, has resulted in a heightened focus on the need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle technologies.

Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 19 provides a comprehensive look at the state of the science underlying solvent extraction .Hooper, E.W., “The Application of Inorganic Ion Exchangers to the Treatment of Medium Active Effluents”, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle.

il and A/L/Mills Eds., pp –, Google Scholar.